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Chandrayaan 3’s Successful Mission Marks Milestone for ISRO

ISRO Chief Doctor S. Somnath Commends Mission's Achievements

September 29, 2023: In a significant achievement for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Chandrayaan 3 mission has been declared a success. This mission, aimed at lunar exploration, saw the Vikram Lander and Pragyan Rover successfully complete their assigned tasks. Currently, both the lander and rover are in an inactive state, akin to a deep slumber, and efforts to rouse them will continue until the next lunar night. Despite this, ISRO Chief Doctor S. Somnath has reassured the public that there is no cause for disappointment, emphasizing this during his address in Gujarat.

Doctor S. Somnath stated that the objectives set for the Pragyan Rover and Vikram Lander have been fully accomplished. Even if they remain dormant, there is no reason for concern, as the Chandrayaan 3 mission can still be deemed a triumph. The only limitation preventing their reactivation lies in the condition of the rover and lander circuits, which may have been damaged due to the extreme cold at the Shivashakti point, where temperatures have plummeted to below minus 200 degrees Celsius. Therefore, Chandrayaan 3 will continue to exist on the moon for as long as both celestial bodies, the sun and the moon, endure.

ISRO’s chief reiterated that there is no cause for alarm if the Pragyan and Vikram remain inactive. Both the lander and rover have dutifully fulfilled their prescribed tasks, and endeavors to reawaken them will persist until the next lunar night. However, current communication difficulties suggest a diminished ability to receive signals, which raises challenges in re-establishing contact. In light of this, ISRO is poised to unveil its upcoming mission plans shortly.

Looking ahead, India’s space endeavors are set to remain dynamic. The Exposat (XPoSAT), an X-ray Polarimeter Satellite, is slated for launch in either November or December. This satellite marks India’s maiden foray into polarimetry and will focus on studying X-ray sources in the vast expanse of space. The satellite, which is ready for liftoff, will be launched aboard the trusted PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) and will contribute to the understanding of phenomena such as black holes, nebulae, and pulsars.

Furthermore, ISRO has plans to launch the INSAT-3DS satellite, dedicated to weather monitoring. This satellite will play a pivotal role in delivering vital weather-related information across the nation. Its launch, like that of XPoSAT, is scheduled for either November or December and will mark a significant step in bolstering India’s capabilities in meteorological monitoring.

In February, a joint mission between India and the United States, known as NISAR (India-US built Synthetic Aperture Radar), will take flight. NISAR is a game-changer in disaster prediction, as it enables the advanced forecasting of natural calamities worldwide. Positioned in the lower part of Earth’s orbit, NISAR holds the promise of enhancing global preparedness for unforeseen catastrophes, solidifying India’s position in the realm of space exploration and Earth observation.

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